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Evidence (6th edn)

Andrew L-T Choo
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date: 12 June 2024

p. 38714. Alternative Pathways to Prooflocked

p. 38714. Alternative Pathways to Prooflocked

  • Andrew L-T ChooAndrew L-T ChooProfessor of Law, City, University of London, Barrister, Matrix Chambers, London


To require evidence to be called to prove every single matter requiring proof in a trial would serve no useful purpose and lead to the unnecessary prolongation of trials. On occasion, therefore, a matter may be regarded as proved even though no evidence has been adduced to prove it in the normal way. Chapter 14 examines three devices used in the law of evidence to achieve this. These are formal admissions, judicial notice, and presumptions.

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