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date: 21 April 2024

p. 2219. Constitutional Conventionslocked

p. 2219. Constitutional Conventionslocked

  • Ian LovelandIan LovelandProfessor of Public Law, City, University of London


This chapter assesses the nature and purpose of constitutional conventions. The discussions cover the concepts of collective and individual ministerial responsibility; the relationship between the Monarch and her Ministers; the relationship between convention, statute, and the common law; the ‘Ponsonby rule’ and the Constitutional Reform and Governance Act 2010. It is argued that the concentration of effective political power is often very intense, even within a political party; small groups of senior Ministers or even the Prime Minister alone may occasionally be, to all intents and purposes, ‘elected dictators’.

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