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European Union Law

European Union Law (3rd edn)

Catherine Barnard and Steve Peers
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date: 24 February 2024

p. 403. The EU’s political institutionslocked

p. 403. The EU’s political institutionslocked

  • Steve Peers


This chapter examines the possible tension between democracy and effectiveness in the context of the EU’s political institutions: the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, and the Commission. To this end, it examines in turn the composition, powers, and functioning of each of these institutions, comparing them to national systems and assessing their democratic accountability and the effectiveness of their functioning. It shows that the role of various EU institutions has evolved over time - in particular to strengthen the legislative role of the European Parliament, and that body’s control over the Commission.

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