Show Summary Details
Page of

Printed from Oxford Law Trove. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 November 2023

p. 263. The Sources, Forms, and Individual Remedies of EU Lawlocked

p. 263. The Sources, Forms, and Individual Remedies of EU Lawlocked

  • Nigel FosterNigel FosterLLM Degree Academic Director at Robert Kennedy College, Zurich, and Professor of EU Law Modules, South East European Law Schools' Network (SEELS); Visiting Professor at University of Saarland and The University College of Northern Borneo


The Concentrate Questions and Answers series offer the best preparation for tackling exam questions. Each book includes typical questions, bullet-pointed answer plans and suggested answers, author commentary and illustrative diagrams and flowcharts. This chapter includes questions on a wide variety of often overlapping points concerned with the sources of European Union (EU) law. The EU sources of law are the Treaties, Protocols, and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, which are regarded as primary sources. There is then the secondary legislation to consider which can be enacted by the institutions of the Union by virtue of the powers given by the Member States and contained in the Treaties. Additional sources of law in the EU legal order are agreements with third countries, fundamental rights, general principles, and the case law of the European Court of Justice (CJEU) establishing, amongst other case law developments, the doctrine of direct effects, supremacy of EU law, and state liability.

You do not currently have access to this chapter

Sign in

Please sign in to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription