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Criminal Law Directions

Criminal Law Directions (6th edn)

Nicola Monaghan
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date: 03 June 2023

p. 41615. Inchoate offenceslocked

p. 41615. Inchoate offenceslocked

  • Nicola MonaghanNicola MonaghanPrincipal Lecturer in Law, University of Worcester


Without assuming prior legal knowledge, books in the Directions series introduce and guide readers through key points of law and legal debate. Questions, diagrams, and exercises help readers to engage fully with each subject and check their understanding as they progress. This chapter deals with liability for inchoate offences. ‘Inchoate’ means incomplete or undeveloped. Where, for whatever reason, the full criminal offence is not committed, the defendant may still be liable for an inchoate offence. There are three types of inchoate offence: encouraging or assisting crime, conspiracy, and attempt. There are three offences of encouraging or assisting crime under the Serious Crime Act 2007, namely intentionally encouraging or assisting an offence; encouraging or assisting an offence believing it will be committed; and encouraging or assisting offences believing one or more will be committed.

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