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Business Law ConcentrateLaw Revision and Study Guide

Business Law Concentrate: Law Revision and Study Guide (4th edn)

James Marson and Katy Ferris
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date: 02 December 2023

p. 1309. Company law I: trading structures and forming the businesslocked

p. 1309. Company law I: trading structures and forming the businesslocked

  • James MarsonJames MarsonPrincipal Lecturer in Law, Sheffield Hallam University
  •  and Katy FerrisKaty FerrisAssistant Professor in Business Law, University of Nottingham


Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. Concentrates show you what to expect in a law exam, what examiners are looking for, and how to achieve extra marks. This chapter reviews the law on business organization and business formation. The five main types of business organization (trading structure) applicable in England and Wales are: sole trader; simple partnership; limited liability partnership; private limited company; and public limited company. Sole trader organizations are very flexible but expose the owner to unlimited liability for losses, whilst operating a limited company limits potential losses of the shareholders but is subject to external regulation. A partnership can be ‘simple’, ‘limited’, or a ‘limited liability partnership’. Private limited companies are not required to have a minimum share capital but public limited companies require a minimum of £50,000 allotted share capital on registration.

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