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Smith, Hogan, & Ormerod's Text, Cases, & Materials on Criminal Law

Smith, Hogan, & Ormerod's Text, Cases, & Materials on Criminal Law (13th edn)

David Ormerod and Karl Laird
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date: 30 May 2024

p. 49118. Secondary liabilitylocked

p. 49118. Secondary liabilitylocked

  • David OrmerodDavid OrmerodProfessor of Criminal Justice, University College London and Deputy High Court Judge
  •  and Karl LairdKarl LairdLecturer in Law at Exeter College, University of Oxford and a Senior Retained Lecturer at Pembroke College


This chapter considers the liability of someone who aids, abets, counsels or procures someone else to commit a criminal offence. The chapter examines the actus reus and the mens rea that must be present before someone will be guilty as a secondary party. The chapter examines the now discredited doctrine of joint enterprise and considers the implications of the Supreme Court’s judgment in Jogee. The chapter evaluates the merits of the Supreme Court’s judgment and also considers past efforts at statutory reform of secondary liability.

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