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European Intellectual Property Law

European Intellectual Property Law (2nd edn)

Justine Pila and Paul Torremans
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date: 27 May 2024

p. 44318. Indications of Geographical Originlocked

p. 44318. Indications of Geographical Originlocked

  • Justine PilaJustine PilaFellow and Senior Law Tutor of St Catherine’s College, Oxford; Research Fellow of the Institute of European and Comparative Law, Faculty of Law, University of Oxford
  •  and Paul L.C. TorremansPaul L.C. TorremansProfessor of Intellectual Property Law, University of Nottingham


This chapter examines indications of geographical origin, which establishes a link between a certain geographical location and the goods originating from that location. That link allows the consumer to distinguish between identical or similar goods based on their geographical origin. The strength of the link varies between the different schemes and involves both human and natural elements. It is also important to realize that whilst similar to (collective) trade marks, indications of geographical origin are radically different as they are open standards. The chapter first looks at the position given to indications of geographical origin in the global and European IP systems. How did a historical practice develop into an exclusive right? And how is that exclusive right shaped and protected? It then focuses on the European system for the protection of indications of geographical origin.

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