p. 62512. Organ Transplantation
- Emily JacksonEmily JacksonProfessor of Law, London School of Economics
All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing students with a stand-alone resource. This chapter discusses organ transplantation. It first considers cadaveric donation, looking at who may become a donor, and which organs can be taken. It also includes discussion of the issues raised by novel transplants, like face and uterus transplantation. The chapter summarizes the system of organ retrieval in the UK, looking at the consent-based model adopted in the Human Tissue Act 2004; the introduction of an opt-out system in Wales, and the government’s plan to introduce a similar system in England. It then turns to living organ donation, looking at informed consent and the legitimacy, or otherwise, of incentives. Finally, it considers the ethical, practical, and legal obstacles to xenotransplantation, i.e. transplanting animal organs into human recipients.