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Bromley's Family Law

Bromley's Family Law (12th edn)

Nigel Lowe, Gillian Douglas, Emma Hitchings, and Rachel Taylor
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date: 02 December 2023

p. 66318. Care and Supervisionlocked

p. 66318. Care and Supervisionlocked

  • N V Lowe, N V LoweEmeritus Professor of Law at Cardiff University
  • G Douglas, G DouglasProfessor of Law at King’s College London
  • E HitchingsE HitchingsProfessor in Family Law at University of Bristol
  •  and R TaylorR TaylorAssociate Professor of Law at University of Oxford and Fellow in Law at Exeter College, Oxford


The Children Act 1989 places considerable importance on local authorities working in partnership with families and the avoidance wherever possible of court proceedings. However, the Act also makes provision, in the form of care and supervision orders, for compulsory measures to be taken to safeguard and promote children’s welfare. This chapter focuses on care and supervision orders. It covers the initiation of proceedings; the threshold criteria, which refers to conditions set out by s 31(2) that must be satisfied before a care or supervision order may be made; the ‘welfare stage’, where the court must, pursuant to s 1(1), regard the welfare of the child as the paramount consideration; tackling delay in care proceedings; court orders; appeals; and discharge of care orders and discharge and variation of supervision orders. The chapter ends by discussing the position of children in local authority care, focusing on the critical issue of contact with children in care.

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