Show Summary Details
Page of

Printed from Oxford Law Trove. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 08 February 2023

p. 1736. Legal realismlocked

p. 1736. Legal realismlocked

  • Raymond WacksRaymond WacksEmeritus Professor of Law and Legal Theory, University of Hong Kong


This chapter first addresses the following question: what are realists realistic about? It then turns to examine American realism. The focus is on the theories of Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, Karl Llewellyn, and Jerome Frank, and examines the Scandinavian realists: Alf Ross and Karl Olivecrona. Both ‘schools’ seek to demystify law by questioning the use and meaning of abstract concepts such as ‘justice’, ‘commands’, ‘norms’, and so on. Instead they have adopted an empirical, pragmatic approach to law and the legal system. But they differ in several material respects. These distinctions are examined, and their respective standpoints and methodologies criticized.

You do not currently have access to this chapter

Sign in

Please sign in to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription