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Murphy on Evidence

Murphy on Evidence (15th edn)

Richard Glover
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date: 30 November 2023

p. 38812. The rule against hearsay III

Admissions and confessionslocked

p. 38812. The rule against hearsay III

Admissions and confessionslocked

  • Richard GloverRichard GloverSenior Lecturer, School of Law, University of Wolverhampton


Admissions and confessions are the most important common law exceptions to the rule against hearsay. Section 118(1) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 preserves any rule of law relating to the admissibility of admissions made by agents in criminal proceedings. This chapter is divided into two parts, the first of which discusses admissions, covering the principles of admissibility; what admissions may bind a party; and what may be proved by admission. The second part deals with confessions, covering the admissibility of confessions; the exclusion of confessions; evidence yielded by inadmissible confessions; excluded confessions as relevant non-hearsay evidence; confessions by the mentally handicapped and those otherwise impaired; the Codes of Practice and the discretionary exclusion of confessions; the use of confessions by co-accused; confessions implicating co-accused; and partly adverse (‘mixed’) statements.

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