- Howard DavisHoward DavisReader in Public Law, Bournemouth University
Without assuming prior legal knowledge, books in the Directions series introduce and guide readers through key points of law and legal debate. . Questions, discussion points and thinking points help readers to engage fully with each subject and check their understanding as they progress and knowledge can be tested by self-test questions and exam questions at the chapter end. This chapter focuses on the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), which the UK signed in 1950. The UK’s signing of the Convention entailed the country’s acceptance of the obligation to ‘secure for everyone within [its] jurisdiction the rights and freedoms in Section 1 of this Convention’. Provisions of the Convention, however, were not and are still not applied directly by the UK courts. The Convention remains part of international law, which is not directly enforceable in UK courts. The chapter establishes the reasons for enacting the Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA), which brought the essence of the rights and freedoms in the ECHR into UK law in specific ways. There is a section on the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.