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Card & James' Business Law

Card & James' Business Law (4th edn)

Lee Roach
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date: 30 March 2023

p. 1587. The terms of the contractlocked

p. 1587. The terms of the contractlocked

  • Lee RoachLee RoachSenior Lecturer in Law, University of Portsmouth


This chapter focuses on the actual content or terms of a contract. It discusses the two main classifications of contractual terms, namely express and implied terms, and considers the courts’ approach in the determining when terms should be implied into a contract. It explains that express terms are those specifically agreed upon by the parties while implied terms are those that may be implied by the court, statute, or custom. This chapter also explains how some implied terms can be excluded via an express provision and discusses the parol evidence rule, collateral contract, and entire agreement clause. The chapter concludes by looking at the principles established by the courts when interpreting contractual provisions.

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