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(p. 1) 1. Introduction to the law of contract 

(p. 1) 1. Introduction to the law of contract
Chapter:
(p. 1) 1. Introduction to the law of contract
Author(s):

Jill Poole

DOI:
10.1093/he/9780198732808.003.0001
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date: 05 April 2020

Course-focused and comprehensive, the Textbook on series provides an accessible overview of the key areas on the law curriculum. Contracts are legally enforceable agreements intended for planned exchanges that are regulated by the principles of contract law. This chapter looks at some of the main theories underpinning the development of English contract law and examines the nature of contractual liability. Contractual obligations arise largely from party agreement and this distinguishes contractual liability from liability in tort. This chapter also discusses the various attempts to produce a set of harmonized principles such as the Common European Sales Law, along with the impact of other international developments including the growth in e-commerce and electronic communications. Moreover, the chapter analyses the most significant European directives and their effect on the development of English contract law, especially in the context of consumer contracts. The implementation of these European directives has resulted in the introduction of the concept of ‘good faith’ into English contract law. Recent English case law examining the scope of ‘good faith’, and whether there is an implied duty of good faith in performance, is examined. Finally, the chapter considers the implementation of the Consumer Rights Directive in a number of statutory instruments and the Consumer Rights Act 2015.

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