p. 40517. UK market studies and market investigation references
- Sandra Marco ColinoSandra Marco ColinoResearch Assistant Professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong
This chapter discusses market studies and market investigations. Market studies and market investigations are tools available to the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) in the event that a market failure is identified in a specific market. Market studies examine the causes of specific markets not working well for consumers, and make specific proposals for improvement. A market investigation reference is a feature of UK law by virtue of which a market ‘failing’ to operate competitively as a whole may be investigated by the CMA. The CMA has very wide powers to order changes to the way the market operates, or to accept undertakings to remedy defects. No penalties may be imposed for past behaviour, and no rights arise for third parties in relation to conduct found to be in need of change.