- A. M. FarrellA. M. FarrellChair of Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh
- and E. S. DoveE. S. DoveReader in Health Law and Regulation at the University of Edinburgh
This chapter digs deeper into the theories and critical frameworks that are widely used to characterise the concerns, interests, and principles at stake in ethical challenges arising in medicine and health-related contexts and that we can use to justify our responses to these challenges. In doing bioethics we are required to challenge easy assumptions and to interrogate the relevance and persuasiveness of reasons that might be given for ethical positions. The range of responses to questions surveyed in this chapter—such as what matters? Who matters? What defines right and wrong? And what does justice demand of us?—provide a range of frameworks that can be used in this critical endeavour.