- A. M. FarrellA. M. FarrellChair of Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh
- and E. S. DoveE. S. DoveReader in Health Law and Regulation at the University of Edinburgh
This chapter discusses ethical and legal aspects of controlling fertility and birth. It begins by addressing the highly contested concept of personhood, before turning to consider varying forms of contraception, including contragestation and sterilisation (with a focus on non-consensual sterilisation of individuals judged to lack capacity). The chapter then considers the termination of pregnancy (including approaches across the UK and Ireland, and looking at how the law has evolved with regard to abortion), the position of the non-gestational parent, and the use of conscientious objection by care givers. The chapter concludes with a discussion on foetal research and experimentation, and foetal materials.