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A Practical Approach to Civil Procedure

A Practical Approach to Civil Procedure (25th edn)

Stuart Sime
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date: 26 February 2024

p. 485. Pre-Action Protocolslocked

p. 485. Pre-Action Protocolslocked

  • Stuart SimeStuart SimeAssociate Dean and Head of Department, The City Law School, City, University of London


This chapter discusses the pre-action protocols, which provide guidance on the exchange of information and evidence before proceedings are commenced. It covers the 14 pre-action protocols established by the Ministry of Justice; cases not covered by pre-action protocols; professional negligence pre-action protocol; personal injury protocol; different approaches to the appointment of experts; sanctions for non-compliance with protocols; the Road Traffic Act 1988; agreements with the Motor Insurers’ Bureau; and pre-action Part 36 offers.

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