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English Legal System

English Legal System (5th edn)

Helen Rutherford, Birju Kotecha, and Angela Macfarlane
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date: 30 November 2023

p. 2978. The judiciarylocked

p. 2978. The judiciarylocked

  • Helen Rutherford, Helen RutherfordSenior Lecturer, Northumbria University
  • Birju KotechaBirju KotechaSenior Lecturer, Northumbria University
  •  and Angela MacFarlaneAngela MacFarlaneSenior Lecturer, Northumbria University


When considering the judiciary, it is important to understand how judges are appointed, what qualifications are required for the various judicial offices, and how judges may be removed. This information is needed when assessing the important, and often controversial, issues of diversity of the membership of the judiciary, its independence, and its accountability. This chapter describes and discusses the different types of judges and their roles within the English legal system. An outline of the system of judicial appointments is given. There is also comment supplied upon the issues of diversity of membership of the judiciary and the importance of the independence of the judiciary.

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