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Complete Criminal LawText, Cases, and Materials

Complete Criminal Law: Text, Cases, and Materials (8th edn)

Janet Loveless, Mischa Allen, and Caroline Derry
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date: 26 March 2023

p. 903. Mens rea: blameworthy states of mindlocked

p. 903. Mens rea: blameworthy states of mindlocked

  • Janet Loveless,
  • Mischa Allen
  •  and Caroline Derry


This chapter focuses on mens rea (MR) and discusses some of the components of MR, which include intention, recklessness, negligence, and gross negligence. It explains that intention can be direct or oblique and that recklessness may be defined as the conscious taking of an unjustified risk. It also explains how to distinguish between negligence and gross negligence. The chapter examines the concept of strict liability in the context of criminal law and discusses the implications of strict liability for actus reus and MR, evaluating arguments for and against strict liability, and considering the treatment of strict liability under the European Convention.

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