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Contract Law

Contract Law (7th edn)

Mindy Chen-Wishart
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date: 13 June 2024

p. 1694. Privitylocked

p. 1694. Privitylocked

  • Mindy Chen-WishartMindy Chen-WishartDean and Professor in the Law of Contract, Oxford University Law Faculty, Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, and Professor of Law (fractional), National University of Singapore


Can a contract alter the rights and liabilities of a third party who is not privy to the contract? This chapter addresses the following questions: (1) Why is the general rule that only contract parties can sue on a contract? (2) What rights of enforcement does the Contract (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 confer on a third party? (3) What is the impact of the 1999 Act on the requirement that a contract claimant must have given consideration? (4) To what extent can a promisee enforce a contract for the benefit of a third party? (5) Aside from the 1999 Act, what legal avenues exist for third parties to enforce promises made for their benefit? (6) When and how does a contract bind third parties?

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