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International Human Rights Law

International Human Rights Law (10th edn)

Rhona K. M. Smith
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date: 03 June 2023

p. 1509. Monitoring, implementing, and enforcing human rightslocked

p. 1509. Monitoring, implementing, and enforcing human rightslocked

  • Rhona K. M. SmithRhona K. M. SmithProfessor of International Human Rights, Newcastle University


This chapter examines the international system for monitoring the implementation of human rights within States. With a focus on the monitoring and enforcement mechanisms of the United Nations, the chapter covers the periodic State reports system, as well as both the inter-State and the individual complaints systems. Challenges with the systems are also considered. Furthermore, the chapter describes the role of rapporteurs and special investigations through commissions of inquiry and fact-finding missions, which are increasingly deployed by the UN. Other UN entities which contribute to the protection and promotion of rights and freedoms are also discussed.

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