p. 1509. Monitoring, implementing, and enforcing human rights
- Rhona K. M. SmithRhona K. M. SmithProfessor of International Human Rights, Newcastle University
This chapter examines the international system for monitoring the implementation of human rights within States. With a focus on the monitoring and enforcement mechanisms of the United Nations, the chapter covers the periodic State reports system, as well as both the inter-State and the individual complaints systems. Challenges with the systems are also considered. Furthermore, the chapter describes the role of rapporteurs and special investigations through commissions of inquiry and fact-finding missions, which are increasingly deployed by the UN. Other UN entities which contribute to the protection and promotion of rights and freedoms are also discussed.