- Rhona K. M. SmithRhona K. M. SmithProfessor of International Human Rights, Newcastle University
This chapter traces the development of human rights protection in the Americas. That is to say, the geographical region spanning from Canada in the north to Argentina and Chile in the south and including the Caribbean states. It discusses the declarations, conventions, and the institutional framework of the Organization of American States tasked with ensuring the compliance of States with the provisions of the American Convention and the potential for Member States to be held accountable for human rights violations even when not party to core human rights treaties. It also considers key sub-regional organizations—MERCOSUR, CARICOM, and the Caribbean Court of Justice.