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International Human Rights Law

International Human Rights Law (10th edn)

Rhona K. M. Smith
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date: 01 October 2023

p. 38520. Freedom of expressionlocked

p. 38520. Freedom of expressionlocked

  • Rhona K. M. SmithRhona K. M. SmithProfessor of International Human Rights, Newcastle University


This chapter examines freedom of expression in international human rights law. It discusses the freedom of the press and media; overlap with other rights (correspondence, privacy, and association); and some of the permissible exceptions to freedom of expression. Freedom of expression is more complex than perhaps first appears. There are many situations in which law is engaged to ensure an appropriate balance is struck between competing claims. There are also diverse views on the appropriateness of limiting the exercise of the freedom. The chapter concludes that the scope of the freedom of expression is still evolving and that international bodies are struggling with the challenges of the information technology age.

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