p. 17810. Substantive rights—general comments
- Rhona K. M. SmithRhona K. M. SmithProfessor of International Human Rights, Newcastle University
This chapter discusses the reality of human rights protection within States. It addresses the limitations of various rights and the extent to which States can deviate from responsibility in terms of international human rights law. It covers issues such as State discretion in selecting and applying rights, particularly through derogations, reservations, declarations, and denunciations. This builds on the introduction to treaty law provided in Chapter 1. These are issues which impact on almost all human rights and almost all States in some way. Cases and communications are drawn on to illustrate the practical implications.