Show Summary Details
International Human Rights Law

International Human Rights Law (10th edn)

Rhona K. M. Smith
Page of

Printed from Oxford Law Trove. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 March 2023

p. 17810. Substantive rights—general commentslocked

p. 17810. Substantive rights—general commentslocked

  • Rhona K. M. SmithRhona K. M. SmithProfessor of International Human Rights, Newcastle University


This chapter discusses the reality of human rights protection within States. It addresses the limitations of various rights and the extent to which States can deviate from responsibility in terms of international human rights law. It covers issues such as State discretion in selecting and applying rights, particularly through derogations, reservations, declarations, and denunciations. This builds on the introduction to treaty law provided in Chapter 1. These are issues which impact on almost all human rights and almost all States in some way. Cases and communications are drawn on to illustrate the practical implications.

You do not currently have access to this chapter

Sign in

Please sign in to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription